In this guide we go through the steps for installing LiteSpeed Web Server on CentOS 7.
All commands – without sudo
yum -y update yum groupinstall "Development Tools" -y wget http://www.litespeedtech.com/packages/5.0/lsws-5.3.7-ent-x86_64-linux.tar.gz tar -zxvf lsws* cd lsws-5.3.7 ./install.sh rpm -ivh http://rpms.litespeedtech.com/centos/litespeed-repo-1.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm yum install lsphp73 lsphp73-mysqlnd ln -sf /usr/local/lsws/lsphp73/bin/lsphp /usr/local/lsws/fcgi-bin/lsphp7 firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=7080/tcp firewall-cmd --reload
All commands – with sudo
sudo yum -y update sudo yum groupinstall "Development Tools" -y sudo wget http://www.litespeedtech.com/packages/5.0/lsws-5.3.7-ent-x86_64-linux.tar.gz sudo tar -zxvf lsws* sudo cd lsws-5.3.7 sudo ./install.sh rpm -ivh http://rpms.litespeedtech.com/centos/litespeed-repo-1.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm yum install lsphp73 lsphp73-mysqlnd ln -sf /usr/local/lsws/lsphp73/bin/lsphp /usr/local/lsws/fcgi-bin/lsphp7 sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=7080/tcp sudo firewall-cmd --reload
LiteSpeed is alternative to the Apache web server that offers greater performance capabilities and uses less server resources. LiteSpeed has all the features of Apache including mod_rewrite, .htaccess, and mod_security. LiteSpeed also loads Apache configuration files directly and functions as a drop-in replacement for the Apache web server.
LiteSpeed is proprietary software and requires a licence to use. For evaluation purposes you can to obtain a trial license key from LiteSpeed and copy it to the installation directory. If you already have a production license, copy the serial number from the confirmation email to the installation directory before you start the installation.
This tutorial is specific to CentOS 7 server and assumes you have root access. If you are not logged in as a root then switch to the root user.
Before starting up any installation it’s best to perform a system update first.
yum -y update
This will be executed at the command line. The “y” switch will pass the automatic confirmation to the yum package manager.
Installing the Developer Tools for LiteSpeed
The first part of the installation is to install the Development Tools. You can install Development Tools by executing the following command in the terminal.
yum groupinstall "Development Tools" -y
The following modules and dependencies will be installed.
Installed: autoconf.noarch 0:2.69-11.el7 automake.noarch 0:1.13.4-3.el7 bison.x86_64 0:3.0.4-2.el7 byacc.x86_64 0:1.9.20130304-3.el7 cscope.x86_64 0:15.8-10.el7 ctags.x86_64 0:5.8-13.el7 diffstat.x86_64 0:1.57-4.el7 doxygen.x86_64 1:1.8.5-3.el7 elfutils.x86_64 0:0.172-2.el7 flex.x86_64 0:2.5.37-6.el7 gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 gcc-gfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 git.x86_64 0:184.108.40.206-20.el7 indent.x86_64 0:2.2.11-13.el7 intltool.noarch 0:0.50.2-7.el7 libtool.x86_64 0:2.4.2-22.el7_3 patch.x86_64 0:2.7.1-10.el7_5 patchutils.x86_64 0:0.3.3-4.el7 rcs.x86_64 0:5.9.0-5.el7 redhat-rpm-config.noarch 0:9.1.0-87.el7.centos rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.11.3-35.el7 rpm-sign.x86_64 0:4.11.3-35.el7 subversion.x86_64 0:1.7.14-14.el7 swig.x86_64 0:2.0.10-5.el7 systemtap.x86_64 0:3.3-3.el7 Dependency Installed: apr.x86_64 0:1.4.8-3.el7_4.1 apr-util.x86_64 0:1.5.2-6.el7 avahi-libs.x86_64 0:0.6.31-19.el7 boost-date-time.x86_64 0:1.53.0-27.el7 boost-system. x86_64 0:1.53.0-27.el7 boost-thread.x86_64 0:1.53.0-27.el7 bzip2.x86_64 0:1.0.6-13.el7 cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 dwz.x86_64 0:0.11-3.el7 dyninst.x86_64 0:9.3.1-2.el7 efivar-libs.x86_64 0:36-11.el7_6.1 emacs-filesystem.noarch 1:24.3-22.el7 gdb.x86_64 0:7.6.1-114.el7 gettext-common-devel.noarch 0:0.19.8.1-2.el7 gettext-devel.x86_64 0:0.19.8.1-2.el7 glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-260.el7_6.3 glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-260.el7_6.3 gnutls.x86_64 0:3.3.29-8.el7 kernel-debug-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-957.5.1.el7 kernel-headers.x86_64 0:3.10.0-957.5.1.el7 libdwarf.x86_64 0:20130207-4.el7 libgfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 libmodman.x86_64 0:2.0.1-8.el7 libmpc.x86_64 0:1.0.1-3.el7 libproxy.x86_64 0:0.4.11-11.el7 libquadmath.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 libquadmath-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.el7 m4.x86_64 0:1.4.16-10.el7 mokutil.x86_64 0:15-1.el7.centos mpfr.x86_64 0:3.1.1-4.el7 neon.x86_64 0:0.30.0-3.el7 nettle.x86_64 0:2.7.1-8.el7 pakchois.x86_64 0:0.4-10.el7 perl-Data-Dumper.x86_64 0:2.145-3.el7 perl-Error.noarch 1:0.17020-2.el7 perl-Git.noarch 0:220.127.116.11-20.el7 perl-TermReadKey.x86_64 0:2.30-20.el7 perl-Test-Harness.noarch 0:3.28-3.el7 perl-Thread-Queue.noarch 0:3.02-2.el7 perl-XML-Parser.x86_64 0:2.41-10.el7 perl-srpm-macros.noarch 0:1-8.el7 rsync.x86_64 0:3.1.2-4.el7 subversion-libs.x86_64 0:1.7.14-14.el7 systemtap-client.x86_64 0:3.3-3.el7 systemtap-devel.x86_64 0:3.3-3.el7 systemtap-runtime.x86_64 0:3.3-3.el7 trousers.x86_64 0:0.3.14-2.el7
We need to download the latest stable release of LiteSpeed web server. You can check for latest release on the LiteSpeed Website .
Right-click the download button and copy the link and execute on your server using the wget command as shown below.
The downloaded LiteSpeed package is in compressed format. We will need to extract it to a convenient location.
tar -zxvf lsws*
Change directory to the newly created LiteSpeed directory.
Install the package by executing the script install.sh
The first step of the installation is agreeing to the Terms of Service. Go through the terms and type “Yes” to continue the installation.
Important: In order to continue installation you must agree with above license terms by typing "Yes" with capital "Y"! Do you agree with the above license?
Next, the installation will ask to specify the directory to install LiteSpeed. Choose a custom destination for the installation; or to install it in the default directory simply press ‘Enter’.
Note: You must have permissions to create and manage the installation directory.
Please specify the destination directory. You must have permissions to create and manage the directory. It is recommended to install the web server at /opt/lsws, /usr/local/lsws or in your home directory like '~/lsws'. ATTENTION: The user 'nobody' must be able to access the destination directory. Destination [/usr/local/lsws]:
Enter a preferred username for the administrator.
Please specify the user name of the administrator. This is the user name required to log into the administration web interface. User name [admin]:
If you want to use the name “admin”, simply press ‘Enter’. Best practice is to choose a unique username. This makes it more difficult for hackers to guess. Enter a custom username for the administrator and press ‘Enter’.
You will now be asked to enter a password for the administrator account which is used to access the web interface.
Please specify the administrator's password. This is the password required to log into the administration web interface. Password:
The username and password are required to log into the administration web interface. Please make sure to keep the username and password somewhere safe for further use.
The next prompt asks you to provide a valid email address to send notifications about anything related to your server/LiteSpeed install. LiteSpeed will send notifications/alerts to the email addresses that you specify.
Please specify administrators' email addresses. It is recommended to specify a real email address, Multiple email addresses can be set by a comma delimited list of email addresses. Whenever something abnormal happened, a notification will be sent to emails listed here. Email addresses [root@localhost]:
Next, provide the user under which this server should run. You can either create a new user with non-root privileges or press ‘Enter’ to choose the default user “nobody”.
As you are the root user, you must choose the user and group whom the web server will be running as. For security reason, you should choose a non-system user who does not have login shell and home directory such as 'nobody'. User [nobody]:
Do the same for the next prompt.
Please choose the group that the web server running as. User 'nobody' is the member of following group(s): nobody Group [nobody]:
Next, specify the port number for LiteSpeed.
Please specify the port for normal HTTP service. Port 80 is the standard HTTP port, only 'root' user is allowed to use port 80, if you have another web server running on port 80, you need to specify another port or stop the other web server before starting LiteSpeed Web Server. You can access the normal web page at http://<YOUR_HOST>:<HTTP_PORT>/ HTTP port : 80
We have to setup the administration web interface that manages LiteSpeed web server. This web interface will need to run on another port, 7080 (default). Please leave it as default, unless you want it to listen on another port.
Please specify the HTTP port for the administration web interface, which can be accessed through http://<YOUR_HOST>:<ADMIN_PORT>/ Admin HTTP port :
You will now be able to reach the administration web interface by typing http://domain.com:port.
Next, choose whether or not to enable PHP to use a CMS (WordPress or Joomla). Type “Y” to enable PHP or “n” not to use it.
You can setup a global script handler for PHP with the pre-built PHP engine shipped with this package now. The PHP engine runs as Fast CGI which outperforms Apache's mod_php. You can always replace the pre-built PHP engine with your customized PHP engine. Setup up PHP [Y/n]: Y
The next prompt is for advanced users. Simply press ‘Enter’ to continue.
Suffix for PHP script(comma separated list) [php]:
Next, you will be asked if you want to enable AWStats. AWStats is an open source Web analytics reporting tool that generated statistics so that you can see detailed information about your site visitors.
Type “y” if you need AWStats, or “N” if you don’t need this.
AWStats is a popular log analyzer that generates advanced web server statistics. LiteSpeed web server seamlessly integrates AWStats into its Web Admin Interface. AWStats configuration and statistics update have been taken care of by LiteSpeed web server. Note: If AWStats has been installed already, you do not need to install again unless a new version of AWStats is available. Would you like to install AWStats Add-on module [y/N]? N
The next prompt allows you to start LiteSpeed automatically after the server restarts, to prevent downtime. It is recommended to type “Y”.
Would you like to have LiteSpeed Web Server started automatically when the server restarts [Y/n]? Y
To start LiteSpeed now, type “Y” or If you want to start it later manually, type “n”.
[OK] The startup script has been successfully installed! Would you like to start it right now [Y/n]? Y
If you see the following message, then the installation has been completed successfully.
LiteSpeed Web Server started successfully! Have fun!
To install the latest PHP version and its dependencies, we need to add the LiteSpeed and EPEL repositories with the following command.
rpm -ivh http://rpms.litespeedtech.com/centos/litespeed-repo-1.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm yum install epel-release -y
Install PHP 7.3 and its MySQL extension with the command below,
yum install lsphp73 lsphp73-mysqlnd
Login to LiteSpeed the web admin console.
Go to Configuration > External App and click on ADD. Select LSAPI App from the drop down field and click Next.
Fill out the fields in the next page as shown in the snippet below.
Name: lsphp73 Address: uds://tmp/lshttpd/lsphp.sock Max Connections: 35 Environment: PHP_LSAPI_MAX_REQUESTS=500 PHP_LSAPI_CHILDREN=35 Initial Request Timeout (secs): 60 Retry Timeout : 0 Response Buffering: no Start By Server: yes Command: $SERVER_ROOT/lsphp73/bin/lsphp Back Log: 100 Instances: 1 Memory Soft Limit (bytes): 2047M Memory Hard Limit (bytes):2047M Process Soft Limit: 400 Process Hard Limit: 500
Save the config and then go to the tab “Script Handler”. Add a new script handler as shown in the image below.
Save and go to Home > General > click the icon to the right of Apply Changes / Graceful Restart to restart LiteSpeed.
Check Your PHP Installation
Check that your PHP installation is correct by viewing the phpinfo() page.
Run the commands below to configure firewalld.
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=7080/tcp
Reload the firewalld services using the command below,
If you want to try out ConfigServer Security & Firewall we have a KB on how to install CSF.
You now have a fully functional LiteSpeed web server. If you go to your server IP or domain name now, you can see the default page of a LiteSpeed web server.
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